In 1686, two years after the unsuccessful siege of Buda, a renewed campaign was started to enter the Hungarian capital.
This time, the Holy League's army was twice as large, containing over 74,000 men, including German, Croat, Dutch, Hungarian, English, Spanish, Czech, Italian, French, Burgundian, Danish and Swedish soldiers, along with other Europeans as volunteers, artillerymen, and officers.
It was this compromise which opened the second great phase of development in the history of Budapest, lasting until World War I.
In 1849 the Chain Bridge linking Buda with Pest was opened as the first permanent bridge across the Danube and in 1873 Buda and Pest were officially merged with the third part, Óbuda (Old Buda), thus creating the new metropolis of Budapest.
His library, the Bibliotheca Corviniana, was Europe's greatest collection of historical chronicles and philosophic and scientific works in the 15th century, and second only in size to the Vatican Library.
Some of the baths that the Turks erected during their rule are still in use 500 years later (Rudas Baths and Király Baths).
Over 40 colleges and universities are located in Budapest, including the Eötvös Loránd University, Semmelweis University and Budapest University of Technology and Economics, which have been ranked among the top 500 in the world.
Among Budapest's important museums and cultural institutions, the most visited art museum is the Museum of Fine Arts, which is noted for one of the largest collections of all periods of European art and comprises more than 100,000 pieces.
Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg managed to save the lives of tens of thousands of Jews in Budapest by giving them Swedish protection papers and taking them under his consular protection.Another famous landmarks include Andrássy Avenue, St.Stephen's Basilica, Heroes' Square, the Great Market Hall, the Nyugati Railway Station built by the Eiffel Company of Paris in 1877 and the second-oldest metro line in the world, the Millennium Underground Railway.Some other diplomats also abandoned diplomatic protocol and rescued Jews.There are two monuments for Wallenberg, one for Carl Lutz and one for Giorgio Perlasca in Budapest.
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At first it was a military settlement, and gradually the city rose around it, making it the focal point of the city's commercial life.