Search andorra dating
The folk etymology holds that Charlemagne had named the region as a reference to the Biblical Canaanite valley of Endor or Andor (where the Midianites had been defeated), a name also bestowed by his heir and son Louis le Debonnaire after defeating the Moors in the "wild valleys of Hell".La Balma de la Margineda found by archaeologists at Sant Julia de Loria was the first temporal settlement in 10,000 BC as a passing place between the two sides of the Pyrenees.They became Roger Bernat II and Ermessenda I, Counts of Foix, Viscounts of Castellbò and Cerdanya, and co-sovereigns of Andorra (shared with the Bishop of Urgell).
Tradition holds that Charles the Great (Charlemagne) granted a charter to the Andorran people for contingent of five thousand soldiers under the command of Marc Almugaver, in return for fighting against the Moors near Porté-Puymorens (Cerdanya).
The population of the valley grew cereals, raised domestic livestock and developed a commercial trade with people from the Segre and Occitania.
The model of small settlements begin to evolved as a complex urbanism during the Bronze Age.
The seasonal camp was perfectly located for hunting and fishing by the groups of hunter-gatherers from Ariege and Segre.
During the Neolithic Age the group of humans moved to the Valley of Madriu (nowadays Natural Parc located in Escaldes-Engordany declared UNESCO World Heritage Site) as a permanent camp in 6640 BC.
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Metallurgical items of iron, ancient coins and relicaries can be found in the ancient sanctuaries scattered around the country.